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PTS(4)			   Linux Programmers Manual		       PTS(4)

       ptmx and pts - pseudo-terminal master and slave

       The  file  /dev/ptmx  is a character file with major number 5 and minor
       number 2, usually of mode 0666 and owner.group  of  root.root.	It  is
       used to create a pseudo-terminal master and slave pair.

       When a process opens /dev/ptmx, it gets a file descriptor for a pseudo-
       terminal master (PTM), and a pseudo-terminal slave (PTS) device is cre
       ated in the /dev/pts directory.	Each file descriptor obtained by open
       ing /dev/ptmx is an independent PTM with its own associated PTS,  whose
       path can be found by passing the descriptor to ptsname(3).

       Before  opening	the  pseudo-terminal slave, you must pass the masters
       file descriptor to grantpt(3) and unlockpt(3).

       Once both the pseudo-terminal master and slave are open, the slave pro
       vides  processes  with an interface that is identical to that of a real

       Data written to the slave is presented  on  the	master	descriptor  as
       input.	Data written to the master is presented to the slave as input.

       In practice, pseudo-terminals are used for implementing terminal emula
       tors such as xterm(1), in which data read from the pseudo-terminal mas
       ter is interpreted by the application in the same way a	real  terminal
       would  interpret  the  data, and for implementing remote-login programs
       such as sshd(8), in which data read from the pseudo-terminal master  is
       sent across the network to a client program that is connected to a ter
       minal or terminal emulator.

       Pseudo-terminals can also be used to send input to programs  that  nor
       mally refuse to read input from pipes (such as su(1), and passwd(1)).

       /dev/ptmx, /dev/pts/*

       The  Linux  support  for the above (known as Unix98 pty naming) is done
       using the devpts file system, that should be mounted on /dev/pts.

       Before this Unix98 scheme, master ptys were called /dev/ptyp0, ...  and
       slave  ptys /dev/ttyp0, ...  and one needed lots of preallocated device

       getpt(3), grantpt(3), ptsname(3), unlockpt(3), pty(7)

       This page is part of release 3.05 of the Linux  man-pages  project.   A
       description  of	the project, and information about reporting bugs, can
       be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.

Linux				  2002-10-09				PTS(4)

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