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CONNECT(2)		   Linux Programmers Manual		   CONNECT(2)

       connect - initiate a connection on a socket

       #include 	       /* See NOTES */

       int connect(int sockfd, const struct sockaddr *serv_addr,
		   socklen_t addrlen);

       The  connect()  system call connects the socket referred to by the file
       descriptor sockfd to the address specified by serv_addr.   The  addrlen
       argument specifies the size of serv_addr.  The format of the address in
       serv_addr is determined by the address space of the socket sockfd;  see
       socket(2) for further details.

       If  the	socket	sockfd	is  of	type  SOCK_DGRAM then serv_addr is the
       address to which datagrams are sent by default, and  the  only  address
       from   which  datagrams	are  received.	 If  the  socket  is  of  type
       SOCK_STREAM or SOCK_SEQPACKET, this call attempts to make a  connection
       to the socket that is bound to the address specified by serv_addr.

       Generally, connection-based protocol sockets may successfully connect()
       only once; connectionless protocol sockets may use  connect()  multiple
       times to change their association.  Connectionless sockets may dissolve
       the association by connecting to an address with the  sa_family	member
       of sockaddr set to AF_UNSPEC (supported on Linux since kernel 2.2).

       If  the connection or binding succeeds, zero is returned.  On error, -1
       is returned, and errno is set appropriately.

       The following are general socket  errors  only.	 There	may  be  other
       domain-specific error codes.

       EACCES For Unix domain sockets, which are identified by pathname: Write
	      permission is denied on the socket file, or search permission is
	      denied for one of the directories in the path prefix.  (See also

	      The user tried to connect to a broadcast address without	having
	      the  socket  broadcast  flag  enabled  or the connection request
	      failed because of a local firewall rule.

	      Local address is already in use.

	      The passed address didnt have the correct address family in its
	      sa_family field.

       EAGAIN No  more free local ports or insufficient entries in the routing
	      cache.  For PF_INET see the net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range	sysctl
	      in ip(7) on how to increase the number of local ports.

	      The socket is non-blocking and a previous connection attempt has
	      not yet been completed.

       EBADF  The file descriptor is not a valid index in the  descriptor  ta

	      No-one listening on the remote address.

       EFAULT The  socket  structure  address  is  outside  the users address

	      The socket is non-blocking and the  connection  cannot  be  com
	      pleted  immediately.  It is possible to select(2) or poll(2) for
	      completion by selecting the socket for writing.  After select(2)
	      indicates  writability,  use  getsockopt(2) to read the SO_ERROR
	      option at level SOL_SOCKET to determine whether  connect()  com
	      pleted   successfully   (SO_ERROR  is  zero)  or	unsuccessfully
	      (SO_ERROR is one of the usual error codes listed here,  explain
	      ing the reason for the failure).

       EINTR  The system call was interrupted by a signal that was caught; see

	      The socket is already connected.

	      Network is unreachable.

	      The file descriptor is not associated with a socket.

	      Timeout while attempting connection.  The server may be too busy
	      to accept new connections.  Note that for IP sockets the timeout
	      may be very long when syncookies are enabled on the server.

       SVr4, 4.4BSD,  (the  connect()  function  first	appeared  in  4.2BSD),

       POSIX.1-2001  does not require the inclusion of , and this
       header file is not required on Linux.  However, some  historical  (BSD)
       implementations	required  this	header file, and portable applications
       are probably wise to include it.

       The third argument of connect() is in reality an int (and this is  what
       4.x  BSD  and  libc4 and libc5 have).  Some POSIX confusion resulted in
       the present socklen_t, also used by glibc.  See also accept(2).

       An example of the use of connect() is shown in getaddrinfo(3).

       accept(2), bind(2), getsockname(2), listen(2), socket(2),  path_resolu

       This  page  is  part of release 3.05 of the Linux man-pages project.  A
       description of the project, and information about reporting  bugs,  can
       be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.

Linux				  2007-12-28			    CONNECT(2)

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