APACHECTL(8) apachectl APACHECTL(8)
apachectl - Apache HTTP Server Control Interface
When acting in pass-through mode, apachectl can take all the arguments
available for the httpd binary.
apachectl [ httpd-argument ]
When acting in SysV init mode, apachectl takes simple, one-word com
mands, defined below.
apachectl is a front end to the Apache HyperText Transfer Protocol
(HTTP) server. It is designed to help the administrator control the
functioning of the Apache httpd daemon.
The apachectl script can operate in two modes. First, it can act as a
simple front-end to the httpd command that simply sets any necessary
environment variables and then invokes httpd, passing through any com
mand line arguments. Second, apachectl can act as a SysV init script,
taking simple one-word arguments like start, restart, and stop, and
translating them into appropriate signals to httpd.
If your Apache installation uses non-standard paths, you will need to
edit the apachectl script to set the appropriate paths to the httpd
binary. You can also specify any necessary httpd command line argu
ments. See the comments in the script for details.
The apachectl script returns a 0 exit value on success, and >0 if an
error occurs. For more details, view the comments in the script.
Only the SysV init-style options are defined here. Other arguments are
defined on the httpd manual page.
start Start the Apache httpd daemon. Gives an error if it is already
running. This is equivalent to apachectl -k start.
stop Stops the Apache httpd daemon. This is equivalent to apachectl
Restarts the Apache httpd daemon. If the daemon is not running,
it is started. This command automatically checks the configura
tion files as in configtest before initiating the restart to
make sure the daemon doesnt die. This is equivalent to
apachectl -k restart.
Displays a full status report from mod_status. For this to work,
you need to have mod_status enabled on your server and a text-
based browser such as lynx available on your system. The URL
used to access the status report can be set by editing the STA
TUSURL variable in the script.
status Displays a brief status report. Similar to the fullstatus
option, except that the list of requests currently being served
Gracefully restarts the Apache httpd daemon. If the daemon is
not running, it is started. This differs from a normal restart
in that currently open connections are not aborted. A side
effect is that old log files will not be closed immediately.
This means that if used in a log rotation script, a substantial
delay may be necessary to ensure that the old log files are
closed before processing them. This command automatically checks
the configuration files as in configtest before initiating the
restart to make sure Apache doesnt die. This is equivalent to
apachectl -k graceful.
Gracefully stops the Apache httpd daemon. This differs from a
normal stop in that currently open connections are not aborted.
A side effect is that old log files will not be closed immedi
ately. This is equivalent to apachectl -k graceful-stop.
Run a configuration file syntax test. It parses the configura
tion files and either reports Syntax Ok or detailed information
about the particular syntax error. This is equivalent to
The following option was available in earlier versions but has been
To start httpd with SSL support, you should edit your configura
tion file to include the relevant directives and then use the
normal apachectl start.
Apache HTTP Server 2005-09-20 APACHECTL(8)