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MSGGET(2)		   Linux Programmers Manual		    MSGGET(2)

       msgget - get a message queue identifier


       int msgget(key_t key, int msgflg);

       The  msgget()  system call returns the message queue identifier associ
       ated with the value of the key argument.  A new message queue  is  cre
       ated if key has the value IPC_PRIVATE or key isnt IPC_PRIVATE, no mes
       sage queue with the given key key exists, and IPC_CREAT is specified in

       If  msgflg  specifies  both  IPC_CREAT and IPC_EXCL and a message queue
       already exists for key, then msgget() fails with errno set  to  EEXIST.
       (This  is  analogous  to the effect of the combination O_CREAT | O_EXCL
       for open(2).)

       Upon creation, the least significant bits of the argument msgflg define
       the  permissions  of the message queue.	These permission bits have the
       same format and semantics as the permissions  specified	for  the  mode
       argument of open(2).  (The execute permissions are not used.)

       If  a  new message queue is created, then its associated data structure
       msqid_ds (see msgctl(2)) is initialized as follows:

	      msg_perm.cuid and msg_perm.uid are set to the effective user  ID
	      of the calling process.

	      msg_perm.cgid and msg_perm.gid are set to the effective group ID
	      of the calling process.

	      The least significant 9 bits of msg_perm.mode  are  set  to  the
	      least significant 9 bits of msgflg.

	      msg_qnum,  msg_lspid, msg_lrpid, msg_stime and msg_rtime are set
	      to 0.

	      msg_ctime is set to the current time.

	      msg_qbytes is set to the system limit MSGMNB.

       If the message queue already exists the permissions are verified, and a
       check is made to see if it is marked for destruction.

       If successful, the return value will be the message queue identifier (a
       non-negative integer), otherwise -1 with errno indicating the error.

       On failure, errno is set to one of the following values:

       EACCES	  A message queue exists for key, but the calling process does
		  not  have  permission to access the queue, and does not have
		  the CAP_IPC_OWNER capability.

       EEXIST	  A message queue exists for key  and  msgflg  specified  both

       ENOENT	  No  message  queue exists for key and msgflg did not specify

       ENOMEM	  A message queue has to be created but the  system  does  not
		  have enough memory for the new data structure.

       ENOSPC	  A  message  queue has to be created but the system limit for
		  the maximum number  of  message  queues  (MSGMNI)  would  be

       SVr4, POSIX.1-2001.

       IPC_PRIVATE isnt a flag field but a key_t type.	If this special value
       is used for key, the system call ignores everything but the least  sig
       nificant 9 bits of msgflg and creates a new message queue (on success).

       The following is a system limit on message queue resources affecting  a
       msgget() call:

       MSGMNI	  System  wide maximum number of message queues: policy depen
		  dent (on Linux, this limit can  be  read  and  modified  via

   Linux Notes
       Until  version 2.3.20 Linux would return EIDRM for a msgget() on a mes
       sage queue scheduled for deletion.

       The name choice IPC_PRIVATE was perhaps unfortunate, IPC_NEW would more
       clearly show its function.

       msgctl(2),     msgrcv(2),    msgsnd(2),	  ftok(3),    capabilities(7),
       mq_overview(7), svipc(7)

       This page is part of release 3.05 of the Linux  man-pages  project.   A
       description  of	the project, and information about reporting bugs, can
       be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.

Linux				  2004-05-27			     MSGGET(2)

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