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IOPL(2) 		   Linux Programmers Manual		      IOPL(2)

       iopl - change I/O privilege level


       int iopl(int level);

       iopl() changes the I/O privilege level of the calling process, as spec
       ified in level.

       This call is necessary to allow 8514-compatible X servers to run  under
       Linux.	Since  these  X servers require access to all 65536 I/O ports,
       the ioperm(2) call is not sufficient.

       In addition to granting unrestricted I/O  port  access,	running  at  a
       higher  I/O  privilege  level also allows the process to disable inter
       rupts.  This will probably crash the system, and is not recommended.

       Permissions are inherited by fork(2) and execve(2).

       The I/O privilege level for a normal process is 0.

       This call is mostly for the i386 architecture.  On many other architec
       tures it does not exist or will always return an error.

       On  success,  zero is returned.	On error, -1 is returned, and errno is
       set appropriately.

       EINVAL level is greater than 3.

       ENOSYS This call is unimplemented.

       EPERM  The calling process has insufficient privilege to  call  iopl();
	      the CAP_SYS_RAWIO capability is required.

       iopl()  is  Linux-specific and should not be used in processes intended
       to be portable.

       Libc5 treats it as a system call and has  a  prototype  in  .
       Glibc1  does  not  have	a  prototype.	Glibc2 has a prototype both in
        and in .	Avoid the latter, it is  available  on
       i386 only.

       ioperm(2), capabilities(7)

       This  page  is  part of release 3.05 of the Linux man-pages project.  A
       description of the project, and information about reporting  bugs,  can
       be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.

Linux				  2004-05-27			       IOPL(2)

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