reportbug - reports a bug to a debbugs server
reportbug is primarily designed to report bugs in the Debian distribu
tion; by default, it creates an email to the Debian bug tracking system
at firstname.lastname@example.org with information about the bug youve found,
and makes a carbon copy of the report for you as well.
Using the --bts option, you can also report bugs to other servers that
use the Debian bug tracking system, debbugs.
You may specify either a package name or an absolute filename; if you
use a filename, it must begin with a / to be recognized. If you want
reportbug to search the system for a filename, see the --file option,
You can also specify a pseudo-package; these are used in the Debian bug
tracking system to track issues that are not related to one specific
package. Run reportbug without any arguments, then enter other at the
package prompt, to see a list of the most commonly-used pseudo-pack
The program follows the usual GNU command line syntax, with long
options starting with two dashes (--). A summary of options are
Show summary of options.
Show the version of reportbug and exit.
Instead of spawning an editor to revise the bug report, use the
af mail reader to edit and send it.
-A FILENAME, --attach=FILENAME
Attach a file to the bug report; both text and binary files are
acceptable. This routine will create a MIME attachment with the
file included; in some cases (usually text files), it is proba
bly better to use --include. (Please note that Debians bug
tracking system has limited support for MIME attachments.)
Dont check the Debian bug tracking system to see if this prob
lem has already been reported; useful for offline use or if
youre really sure its a bug.
Check the Debian bug tracking system to see if this problem has
already been reported (default).
-B SYSTEM, --bts=SYSTEM
Instead of the Debian bug server (or the bug server specified in
/etc/reportbug.conf, use the server specified by SYSTEM. You
can specify help to get a list of supported servers.
Use the specified BODY as the body of the message. The body
text will be wrapped at 70 columns, and the normal reportbug
headers and footers will be added as appropriate. The editor
prompt and any "special" prompting will be bypassed.
The contents of the (assumed to be) text file BODYFILE will be
used as the message body. This file is assumed to be properly
formatted (i.e. reasonable line lengths, etc.). The usual head
ers and footers will be added, and the editor step and "special"
prompts will be skipped. (BODYFILE may also be a named pipe;
using a device special file may lead to unusual results.)
Omit configuration files from the bug report without asking. By
default, you are asked if you want to include them; in some
cases, doing so may cause sensitive information to be sent via
Rerun the reportbug first time configuration routine, and write
a new .reportbugrc file. This will erase any pre-existing set
tings in the file; however, a backup will be written as .report
Check for newer releases of the package at packages.debian.org
Do not check for newer releases of the package at pack
Dont send a real bug report to Debian; send it to yourself
instead. This is primarily used for testing by the maintainer.
-e EDITOR, --editor=EDITOR
Specify the editor to use, overriding any EDITOR or VISUAL envi
ronment variable setting.
Set the email address your report should appear to be sent from
(i.e. the address that appears in the From: header). This
should be the actual Internet email address on its own (i.e.
without a real name or comment part). This setting will over
ride the EMAIL and DEBEMAIL environment variables, but not
Display a prompt before exiting; this is useful if reportbug is
run in a transient terminal (i.e. from its Debian menu entry).
-f FILENAME, --filename=FILENAME
Report a bug in the package containing FILENAME so you dont
have to figure out what package the file belongs to. The path
will be searched for an exact path for FILENAME before attempt
ing to broaden the search to all files.
--path If the -f option is also specified, only search the path for the
specified FILENAME. Specifying an absolute path with the -f
option (i.e. one beginning with a /) overrides this behavior.
-g, --gnupg, --gpg
Attach a digital signature to the bug report using GnuPG (the
GNU Privacy Guard). (This argument will be ignored if you are
using an MUA to edit and send your report.)
Use the GNUS mail and news reader to send your report, rather
than using the editor.
-H HEADER, --header=HEADER
Add a custom RFC 2822 header to your email; for example, to send
a carbon copy of the report to email@example.com
you could use -H X-Debbugs-CC: firstname.lastname@example.org
-i FILE, --include=FILE
Include the specified file as part of the body of the message to
be edited. Can be used multiple times to add multiple files;
text-only please! From a suggestion by Michael Alan Dorman in
the bug bug list. (See also the --attach option.)
Do not check whether the package is installed before filing a
report. This is generally only useful when filing a report on a
package you know is not installed on your system.
Check if the specified package is installed when filing reports.
(This is the default behavior of reportbug.)
-j JUSTIFICATION, --justification=JUSTIFICATION
Bugs in Debian that have "serious", "grave", or "critical"
severities must meet certain criteria to be classified as such.
This option allows you to specify the justification for a
release-critical bug, instead of being prompted for it.
Send appreciative email to the recorded maintainer address,
rather than filing a bug report. (You can also send kudos to
email@example.com, for packages in the Debian
archive; however, this option uses the Maintainer address from
the control file, so it works with other package sources too.)
-K KEYID, --keyid=KEYID
Private key to use for PGP/GnuPG signatures. If not specified,
the first key in the secret keyring that matches your email
address will be used.
Show reportbugs copyright and license information on standard
Send a carbon copy of the report to the specified list after a
report number is assigned; this is the equivalent to the option
-H X-Debbugs-CC: ADDRESS. This option will only work as
intended with debbugs systems.
Only send the bug to the package maintainer; the bug tracking
system will not send a copy to the bug report distribution
Set the operating mode for reportbug. reportbug currently has
four operating modes: novice (the default), standard, advanced,
novice mode is designed to minimize prompting about things that
"ordinary users" would be unlikely to know or care about, shift
ing the triage burden onto the maintainer. Checking for new
versions is only done for the stable distribution in this mode.
It is currently the default mode.
standard mode is more-or-less equivalent to the prompting that
was provided by reportbug 1.50 and earlier; it includes a rela
tively large number of prompts and tries to encourage users to
not file frivolous or duplicate bug reports.
advanced mode is like standard mode, but may include shortcuts
suitable for more advanced users of Debian, without being as
close to the metal (and potential flamage) as expert mode.
(Currently, the only differences from standard mode are that it
assumes familiarity with the "incoming" queue; it allows the
reporting of bugs on "dependency" packages; and it does not
prompt where to insert the report text in the editor.)
expert mode is designed to minimize prompts that are designed to
discourage frivolous or unnecessary bug reports, "severity
inflation," and the like. In expert mode, reportbug assumes the
user is thoroughly familiar with Debian policies. In practice,
this means that reporters are no longer required to justify set
ting a high severity on a bug report, and certain automated
cleanups of the message are bypassed. Individuals who do not
regularly contribute to the Debian project are highly discour
aged from using expert mode, as it can lead to flamage from
maintainers when used improperly.
Instead of spawning an editor to revise the bug report, use the
mutt mail reader to edit and send it.
Specify an alternate MTA, instead of /usr/sbin/sendmail (the
default). Any smtphost setting will override this one.