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KILL(1) 		      Linux Users Manual		      KILL(1)

       kill - send a signal to a process

       kill [ -signal | -s signal ] pid ...
       kill [ -L | -V, --version ]
       kill -l	[ signal ]

       The  default  signal  for  kill is TERM. Use -l or -L to list available
       signals.  Particularly useful signals include  HUP,  INT,  KILL,  STOP,
       CONT,  and  0.	Alternate  signals  may be specified in three ways: -9
       -SIGKILL -KILL.	Negative PID values may be used to choose  whole  pro
       cess  groups;  see the PGID column in ps command output. A PID of -1 is
       special; it indicates all processes except the kill process itself  and

       The  signals  listed  below  may  be available for use with kill.  When
       known constant, numbers and default behavior are shown.

       Name	Num   Action	Description
       0	  0   n/a	exit code indicates if a signal may be sent
       ALRM	 14   exit
       HUP	  1   exit
       INT	  2   exit
       KILL	  9   exit	this signal may not be blocked
       PIPE	 13   exit
       POLL	      exit
       PROF	      exit
       TERM	 15   exit
       USR1	      exit
       USR2	      exit
       VTALRM	      exit
       STKFLT	      exit	may not be implemented
       PWR	      ignore	may exit on some systems
       WINCH	      ignore
       CHLD	      ignore
       URG	      ignore
       TSTP	      stop	may interact with the shell
       TTIN	      stop	may interact with the shell
       TTOU	      stop	may interact with the shell
       STOP	      stop	this signal may not be blocked
       CONT	      restart	continue if stopped, otherwise ignore
       ABRT	  6   core
       FPE	  8   core
       ILL	  4   core
       QUIT	  3   core
       SEGV	 11   core
       TRAP	  5   core
       SYS	      core	may not be implemented
       EMT	      core	may not be implemented
       BUS	      core	core dump may fail
       XCPU	      core	core dump may fail
       XFSZ	      core	core dump may fail

       Your shell (command line interpreter) may have a built-in kill command.
       You  may  need  to run the command described here as /bin/kill to solve
       the conflict.

       kill -9 -1
	      Kill all processes you can kill.

       kill -l 11
	      Translate number 11 into a signal name.

       kill -L
	      List the available signal choices in a nice table.

       kill 123 543 2341 3453
	      Send the default signal, SIGTERM, to all those processes.

       pkill(1), skill(1), kill(2), renice(1), nice(1), signal(7), killall(1).

       This  command  meets  appropriate  standards. The -L flag is Linux-spe

       Albert Cahalan  wrote kill in 1999	to  replace  a
       bsdutils one that was not standards compliant. The util-linux one might
       also work correctly.

       Please send bug reports to 

Linux			       November 21, 1999		       KILL(1)

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